Real need of a women

Added: Rasean Loera - Date: 13.01.2022 07:15 - Views: 28686 - Clicks: 1825

The COVID pandemic has put the United States through an unprecedented economic crisis and shone a spotlight on long-standing challenges to American families and economic growth. While people across the country have struggled, American women—and particularly women of color —have absorbed the harshest effects of the pandemic as caregivers and essential workers, and they continue to be disproportionately left behind in the recovery. This did not happen by chance; long-standing gaps in work-family policies and instability in low-wage service and care sector jobs have gone and continue to go unaddressed, primarily affecting the economic lives of women—and women of color in particular.

Specifically, as vital as the jobs created by the bipartisan infrastructure bill would be, they would almost all be created in occupations that overwhelmingly employ men, without support for occupations primarily held by women. Leaving women behind again would hold back families and the economy for yet another generation. But the broader Build Back Better agenda, which has already been set in motion with a reconciliation framework in the Senate, would do more than just go back to business as usual and finally, after decades of need, tackle fundamental obstacles for women in the economy.

Women have borne the brunt of pandemic-related employment impacts both because of the nature of their work and the nature of their responsibilities outside of paid work. Sectors such as hospitality —including the restaurant sector—faced some of the most extreme layoffs and closures in and Meanwhile, even before the pandemic, women were more likely to work part time or full time in low-wage and tipped occupations , leading to financial precarity and unpredictable pay and hours.

The way unemployment is measured effectively obscures the declining s of women in the workforce, even as an employment recovery takes hold: Since February , more than 1. If these 1. The political challenges of addressing these issues are not new, which has contributed to the fact that they are so ingrained. If mid-career white men were unemployed and out of the labor market at these rates, even economically conservative politicians would be acting with urgency to boost employment and financial support.

This is particularly concerning given that 1 in 4 unemployed women have been out of work for a year or longer. This income is crucial to not only the financial security of these women but also that of their families and the overall economy. Sectors that employ almost exclusively women underpin the work of all Americans, just as ro, bridges, and transportation do. The pandemic illustrated this clearly, as millions of parents and caregivers had to supervise children in online or hybrid learning settings instead of working their regular hours.

The pandemic also highlighted a long-standing problem in the United States: the lack of access to affordable, quality child care. Indeed, many families— especially mothers —faced similar challenges to parental workforce participation before the pandemic. A bipartisan infrastructure deal will improve the economy, but a focus on physical infrastructure would almost exclusively be a boost to male workers. The current gender segregation of construction versus care industries also demonstrates the need for concerted effort, through federally supported training and hiring , to diversify the higher-wage industries and occupations in the infrastructure space.

Notably, within the current political context, there is evidence that the clean energy industry employs a greater share of women than the energy sector overall. However, it is worth noting that U. Bureau of Labor Statistics data on employment do not provide gender breakdowns for many clean energy occupations, due to small sample sizes. These supports would allow parents to continue to bring in wages for their families, even after the most care-intensive years of parenting. Research from the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco indicates that there would be 5 million more people in the workforce if the United States enacted national paid leave and more affordable child care.

Home care workers—disproportionately women, people of color, and those from low-income households—have provided essential care during the pandemic and enabled millions of others to go to work. But they are chronically underpaid, leading to high turnover and staffing shortages across the country. A recent initiative in Washington state to provide hazard pay to this workforce demonstrates that raising wages can ificantly boost economic stability, reduce turnover, and attract more workers to the career field.

Yet poverty wages and insufficient federal investment leaves more than , Americans with disabilities who qualify for Medicaid on waitlists to receive home- and community-based support services; and only 3 in 10 noninstitutionalized seniors who require services receive paid care. Clearly, many more individuals could benefit from broader eligibility standards for these programs.

Even the most privileged families were unable to avoid disruptions to their caregiving system. Notably, women still provide the overwhelming majority of care for their families and on behalf of their communities, which has long-term impacts for their career trajectories and wages. When the pandemic is fully under control, this situation will play out at the individual- and family-level scale again and again: A year of widening pay gaps and career disparities will likely strengthen the factors that push households away from equitable caregiving arrangements —even when heterosexual couples say that they prefer equitable caregiving arrangements.

In the extraordinary circumstances of and , however, the women who left the labor market to provide care for their families will take an enormous hit to both immediate and lifetime earnings. Even the new refundability of the child tax credit has particular ramifications for women: Because of occupational segregation, the wage gap, and other factors that contribute to economic inequality, 7 in 10 children in single-headed female households were ly ineligible for the full tax credit because these working mothers made too little income.

The policies represented in the Build Back Better agenda—family paid and medical leave, an improved child care system, the child tax credit—would have a positive impact on the lives of all Americans; but they are a once-in-a-generation opportunity to change the lives of American women. To find the latest CAP resources on the coronavirus, visit our coronavirus resource . A growing shortage of home care workers Home care workers—disproportionately women, people of color, and those from low-income households—have provided essential care during the pandemic and enabled millions of others to go to work.

Real need of a women

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